The Infinitive without TO

The Infinitive without TO :

( A ) The main verb + the object + the infinitive without TO

1. Shoba distinctly heard something fall with a crash.
2. The engine has stopped and I cannot make it go again.
3. Do you see anyone come to the door just now? I saw him go.

Objects : Something, it anyone, him
Infinitives without TO : fall, go, come, go

( B ) The subject + verb + infinitive - to qualify a verb, usually to express a purpose

1. She called to see her child.
2. We eat to live.
3. I go to encash the cheque.
4. I like to visit the devastation caused by the flood.

Verbs - called, go, like
Infinitives - to see, to live, to encash, to visit

( C ) Subject + Verb + noun / nominal + Infinitive with TO

1. This is not the time to work.
2. I have no cause to repent in life.
3. He is a genius to be admired.
4. This is a flat to let.
5. This is a plot to be sold.
6. Here is a magazine to look at.
7. Would you like some bread to eat?
8. I always have a book to read.
9. There was nowhere else to put it. So I put it on the floor.

( D ) The infinitive with TO after an adjective

1. Oranges are good to eat.
2. This medicine is sweet to take.
3. The students are eager to study.
4. My wife is too ill to do any work.
5. I am very sorry to have to tell you that I am not well.
6. Mrs. Green was delighted to see her husband again.
7. They are not able to come because of bad weather.
8. Are these fruits good to eat?

( E ) The infinitive without TO after certain verbs

1. It is getting late. I think we should go now.
2. You needn't go yet, it is still quite early.

( F ) The infinitive with TO introduced by the impersonal IT

1. It is dangerous to walk in the middle of the road.
2. It has become fashionable to wear this kind of skirt.
3. It is quicker to telephone than to write.

( G ) Infinitives, not attached to the sentences

1. To tell the truth, I have done my duty. (unattached)
2. I was horrified, so to speak. (not attached)

( H ) The infinitive with TO after TOO

1. That parcel is much too big to put in your pocket.
2. The typist works too slowly to do the work in time.
3. She has too much sense to make that mistake.

( I ) The infinitive of purpose with TO, 'in order to', 'so as to'

1. Elizabeth has gone to Delhi to see her mother.
2. The engineer has come to mend the washing machine.
3. I should stand on this chair, so as to see better.
4. In order to get there quickly, James caught a bus.

Study the following.

1. The main purpose of a toy is to amuse children.
2. The purpose of a camera is to take photographs.
3. The purpose of a spanner is to undo nuts.
4. The race is about to begin.
5. He said he had intended to come early.
6. I was just going to ring the bell when John opened the door.
7. Don't bother to bring another. I would just as soon have this done.
8. They asked him to speak English.
9. I heard him open the door.
10. 1 didn't know whether I should let them go to the party or not.

The Infinitive without TO

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