The Noun and Its Case :
The Noun : Case
When a noun or pronoun is used as the subject of a verb, it is said to be in the Nominative Case.
When a noun or pronoun is used as the object of a verb, it is said to be in the Objective or Accusative Case.
Note: To find the nominative,’ who’? Or ‘what’? should be put before the verb and its subject; as,
• Boys flew kites.
• Scorpion bit the boy.
In sentence 1, the noun ‘boys’ is the subject. It is the answer to the question ‘who flew kites?’. What did the boys fly? – ‘kites’ is the object which the boys flew. The noun ’kites’ is therefore called the object.
In sentence 2, the noun ‘scorpion’ is the subject. It is answer to the question – ‘who bit the boy?’.The noun ‘boy’ is the object. It is answer to the question ‘whom did the scorpion bite?’.
A noun which comes after a preposition, is also said to be in the Accusative case; as,
The books are on the table.
Here the noun ‘table’ is in the Accusative case governed by the preposition ‘on’.
Note : The nouns in English have the same form for the nominative and accusative. The nominative generally comes before the verb and the accusative after the verb. They are thus distinguished by the order of the words or by the sense.
The Possessive Case : The possessive case of a noun answers the question ‘whose?’ as,
This is Ram’s shirt.
Ram’s shirt = the shirt belonging to Ram.
The form of the noun Ram is changed to Ram’s to show possession or ownership. The noun Ram’s is therefore said to be in the possessive case.
Note: The possessive case does not always denote possession. It is also used to denote kind, origin, authorship etc; as
The jury’s verdict = the verdict given by the jury.
Professor’s speech= the speech given by the professor.
Charles Dicken’s novels = the novels written by Charles Dickens.
Rama’s Temple = the temple dedicated to Lord Rama.
Birla’s temple = the temple built by Birla.
The Noun and Its Case
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