The Present Participle and The Progressive Tenses



The Present Participle and The Progressive Tenses :



The Present Participle is used to form the Present and Future Progressive tenses. Most books simply say you form the present participle by adding “ing” to the basic form of the verb. Actually the rules for adding “ing” are similar to those for forming the past tense.

After a consonant, including “y,” the letters “ing” are added.

She is working.
She is opening.
She is trying.
She is marrying.

Verbs that end in a silent vowel drop the vowel and add “ing.”

He is coming.
He is deciding.
He is hiding.

When a final vowel is pronounced, it remains before the “ing.”

She will be radioing for help.

For verbs that end in “ie,” that combination changes to “y” followed by “ing.”

The thief is lying and the victim is dying.

Words that end in “c” sometimes have an added “k” before the “ed” ending.

She is panicking because he is trafficking in drugs.

Sometimes the preceding consonant is doubled when it is spelled with a single letter and the vowel before it is stressed. (In words of a single syllable, this is always the case.)

He was begging.
He was stopping.
He was blogging.

They are arriving after midnight.
Verbs that end in a silent vowel drop the vowel and add “ing.”

He is arguing over nothing.
Verbs that end in a silent vowel drop the vowel and add “ing.”

The young children are browsing the Internet.
Verbs that end in a silent vowel drop the vowel and add “ing.”

The authors are consulting with the editors.
Verbs that end in a consonant including “y,” add the letters “ing.”

All of our computers are crashing at the same time.
Verbs that end in a consonant add the letters “ing.”

We are dining with friends this evening.
Verbs that end in a silent vowel drop the vowel and add “ing.”

They are freeing the captive birds tomorrow morning.
When a final vowel or vowels are pronounced, it or they remain before the “ing.”

The mothers are sewing the costumes.
Verbs that end in a consonant add the letters “ing.”

They are driving home after the game.
Verbs that end in a silent vowel drop the vowel and add “ing.”

I am going to the concert next week.
When a final vowel is pronounced, it remains before the “ing.”

Are you selling your house?
Verbs that end in a consonant add the letters “ing.”

What is she wearing?
Verbs that end in a consonant add the letters “ing.”

Who is mopping the floor before the guests arrive?
In words of a single syllable ending in a single consonant, the final consonant is doubled before the “ing."

We are hosting a major conference on that issue.
Verbs that end in a consonant add the letters “ing.”

She must find out which one is lying.
For verbs that end in ie. that combination changes to “y” followed by “ing.”

I am transmitting the e-mails at this moment.
Sometimes the preceding consonant is doubled - when it is spelled with a single letter and the vowel before it is stressed.

You are always e-nuiiling your friends during the workday.
Verbs that end in a consonant add the letters “ing."

I am not quitting until the job is done correctly.
In words of a single syllable ending in a single consonant, the final consonant is doubled before the “ing."

He is putting his coat on.
In words of a single syllable ending in a single consonant, the final consonant is doubled before the "ing.”

She is taking her coat off.
Verbs that end in a silent vowel drop the vowel and add "ing.”

We are joining a dancing class this Saturday.
Verbs that end in a consonant add the letters "ing.”

Is someone bringing the butter?
Verbs that end in a consonant add the letters “ing.”

The champion is skiing down the mountain.
When a final vowel is pronounced, it remains before the “ing.”

The owner is renting her garage.
Verbs that end in a consonant add the letters “ing”

We are bidding for a new computer.
In words of a single syllable ending in a single consonant, the final consonant is doubled before the “ing.”

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The Present Participle and The Progressive Tenses - The Present Participle and The Progressive Tenses