The Same Words Used as Different Parts of Speech



The Same Words Used as Different Parts of Speech :



Some words belong to more than one part of speech. We could not come to know what part of speech a word is until we see what work it is doing in a sentence. A word can do different jobs in different sentences. Depending upon the function that the specific word does in the sentence, it takes a particular part of speech.

Look at the following sentences.

1. Give me some water.

In this sentence the word WATER is used as a noun to mean something.

2. They wafer the plants daily.

In this sentence the word expresses an action. It tells what they do. Here it is a verb.

Study the word fast in the following sentences.

1. He didn’t take anything during the fast. (It names something.) (The word FAST is a NOUN.)

2. Muslims fast during Ramzan. (It expresses an action and tells what Muslims do.) (The word FAST is a verb.)

3. I missed the fast train. (It adds to the meaning of the noun train. What kind of a train? A fast train.) (The word FAST is an adjective.)

4. She speaks fast. (It speaks about how she speaks.) (The word FAST is an adverb.)

Here are further examples.

ABOVE :

We flew above the clouds. (Preposition)
Have you read the above sentence? (Adjective) See above: (Adverb)

BACK :

I have a pain in the back. (Noun)
They can come back in few minutes. (Adverb)
Have you closed the back door? (Adjective)
She backed his scooter through the entrance. (Verb)

BETTER :

This watch is better than that. (Adjective)
He sings better than you. (Adverb)
You should respect your betters. (Noun)
Living conditions have bettered a great deal. (Verb)

DOWN :

The little girl fell down. (Adverb)
He ran down the hill. (Preposition)
We caught the down train. (Adjective)
I he government downed the opposition. (Verb)

LIKE :

Children like sweets. (Verb)
He climbs like a cat. (Preposition)
You won’t see him like again. (Noun)
Ravindra and his brother are very like. (Adjective)

NEAR :

He lives near the station. (Preposition)
Most of my near relatives live abroad. (Adjective)
He got nervous as the examinations neared. (Verb)
I went near enough to see over it. (Adverb)

RIGHT :

You are quite right. (Adjective)
Keep to the right. (Noun)
Go right to the end of the road. (Adverb)
They were able to right the boat. (Verb)

ROUND :

The earth is round. (Adjective)
The boys ran round the tree. (Preposition)
Will you come round to our house this evening? (Adverb)
We won the first round of the Tennis Cup. (Noun)
The child’s eyes rounded with excitement. (Verb)

UP :

You should stand up when the teacher comes in. (Adverb)
He climbed up the hill. (Preposition)
What time is the-next up tram? (Adjective)
He hit the ball on the up. (Noun)



The Same Words Used as Different Parts of Speech :



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