The Subjunctive



The Subjunctive :



The Present Subjunctive uses the basic form except for the verb BE.
The third person singular form has no S.

The Present Subjunctive Passive is made by combining BE and the past participle.

The Past Subjunctive describes something hypothetical or unreal. It often occurs after words like “if, as if, though, wish, suppose."

The Past Subjunctive Active (sometimes called the “were form") is identical to the forms of the past except for the verb “be” where the “were form” is used for all persons.

The Past Subjunctive Passive combines “were” with the past participle.

If he frightened you, he will be punished.
The Past Subjunctive Active is identical to the Past Tense.

It was as if they had trained for months, not days.
The Past Subjunctive Active is identical to the Past Tense.

He had always dreamt that he served his country well.
The Past Subjunctive Active is identical to the Past Tense.

It was as if she recognized him at first sight.
The Past Subjunctive Active is identical to the Past Tense.

If you had shaved, you would not have scratched me.
A Past Perfect Subjunctive can be formed with “had” and the Past Participle.

I wish that things were done better in your office.
The Past Subjunctive Passive combines “were” with the Past Participle.

We wish that you were here.
The Past Subjunctive Active for the verb “be” uses “were” for all persons.

The two networks should be linked together.
The Present Subjunctive Passive is made by combining “be" and the Past Participle.

He suggested that the company interface with its suppliers.
The Present Subjunctive uses the basic form of the verb.
The third person singular form has no S.

In modern American English the Indicative Past Tense is often substituted…I wish I was there.

A Past Perfect Subjunctive is also possible using “had” or “had been” plus the Past Participle….
If we had written, they would have come.
If we had been driven, we would not have arrived too late for the show.

He thought that he saved the day.
The Fast Subjunctive Active is identical to the Past.

He insisted that they marketed their goods overseas.
The Past Subjunctive Active is identical to the Past.

I think you networked with friends and former colleagues.
The Past Subjunctive Active is identical to the Past.

If the bone were broken, we might apply a cast to the leg.
The Past Subjunctive Passive combines “were” with the Past Participle.

If the painting were auctioned, it could sell for over a million dollars.
The Past Subjunctive Passive combines “were” with the Past Participle.

If only they had dieted, they would have been able to compete.
A Past Perfect Subjunctive can be formed with “had” and the Past Participle.

Had he only pled “not guilty.”
A Past Perfect Subjunctive can be formed with “had” and the Past Participle.

If you should order a dessert, I will try some.
The Present Subjunctive uses the basic form.

If the store were closed, we would have saved lots of money.
The Past Subjunctive Passive combines “were” with the Past Participle.

If you love her, let her go.
The Present Subjunctive uses the basic form.

If good manners were learned in school, they would be apparent to us all.
The Past Subjunctive Passive combines “were” with the Past Participle.

If you leave before I return, please lock, the door.
The Present Subjunctive uses the basic form.

I requested that he give the money back to us.
The Present Subjunctive uses the basic form.

Had only the hurricane hit after the city was evacuated.
A Past Perfect Subjunctive can be formed with “had" and the Past Participle.

I wish I had quit while I was ahead.
A Past Perfect Subjunctive can be formed with “had" and the Past Participle.

If only peace were sought, it might be found.
The Past Subjunctive Passive combines “were" with the Past Participle.

The Subjunctive



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