The Verb and Its Mood

The Verb and Its Mood :

Mood : (noun) : a state of feelings at a particular time.

In grammar, Mood is any of the three sets of verb forms that express.

(i) A fact or action (Indicative)
(ii) A command (Imperative)
(iii) A doubt or wish (Subjunctive)

A verb expresses a kind of action. It is used to make a statement of facts or question or to express a command or to express a mere supposition.

Mood is the manner in which the action denoted by the verb is represented or expressed.

1. They come to the function.
2. Come to the function.
3. I wish that he come to the function.

In the above three sentences, the verb is COME. But all the three sentences do not convey the same meaning. Each conveys a different meaning and the expectation behind each sentence is quite different. The difference is made by the mood of the verb.

The first sentence (They come to the function.) simply states the face.

The second sentence (Come to the function.) simply commands someone to do an actuion.

The third sentence (I wish that he come to the function.) simply expects someone to do an action which the someone does not execute.


  1. Kinds of Mood in English
  2. Indicative Mood
  3. Imperative Mood
  4. Subjunctive Mood
  5. Present Subjunctive Mood
  6. Past Subjunctive Mood
  7. Conditional Auxiliary

The Verb and Its Mood

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