The Verb in Active and Passive Voices



The Verb in Active and Passive Voices :



(a) The active form of a verb

The boy kicked the ball.
The person (i.e.) the boy does the action of kicking

The little girl broke the window.
The person (i.e.) the girl does the action of breaking

I love my child.
The person (i.e.) I does the action of loving

(b) The passive form of the verb

The ball was kicked by the boy.
Action done to the subject - (i.e.) The Ball

The window was broken by the little girl.
Action done to the subject (i.e.) "the window")

My child is loved by me.
Action is passed on to the subject (i.e.) 'my child’

In the active form of the verb, it is noticed the subject is the doer of the action.

The boy kicks.
The girl breaks.
I love.

In the passive form of the verb, it is noticed that something is done to the person or thing denoted by the subject.

A verb is in the active voice when its form indicates that the person or thing denoted by the subject does something (or) to say in other words, the person or thing is the doer of action.

A verb is in the passive voice when its form indicates that something is done to the person or thing denoted by the subject.

In the passive form, the subject is not active.
In the active form, the object is not active.

Voice of a verb indicates whether the subject does something or something has been done to it.

Study the following sentences.

1. Ram loves reading books.
2. The worker builds the wall.
3. The watchman opens the gate.
4. I shall do it.
5. Who did this?
6. Why did the manager write such a letter?

The verbs in the above sentences are in active voice.

1. Reading books is loved by Rama.
2. The wall is built by the worker.
3. The gate is opened by the watchman.
4. It will be done (by me).
5. By whom was this done?
6. Why was such a letter written by the manager?

The verbs in the above sentences are in passive form.

It may be noticed that when the verb is changed from the active voice to the passive voice, the object of the transitive verb in the active voice becomes the subject of the verb in the passive voice.

1. Ram loves reading books.
2. The worker builds the wall.
3. The watchman opens the gate.
4. I shall do it.
5. Who did this?
6. Why did the manager write such a letter?

Reading Books
The Wall
The Gate
It
This
Letter

These are objects in the above sentences. When the verb changes to passive voice, they become subjects.

RELATED PAGES :

  1. The active form of a verb
  2. The passive form of the verb
  3. When to use Active Voice?
  4. When to use Passive Voice?
  5. The Use of Active Voice
  6. The Use of Passive Voice
  7. How to use Active Voice?
  8. How to use Passive Voice?
  9. Verbs in The Active Voice
  10. Verbs in The Passive Voice
  11. Verbs in Active Voice with Two Objects
  12. Verbs with Two Passive Voice Structures
  13. Converting Active Voice into Passive Voice
  14. Converting Passive Voice into Active Voice
  15. Active Verbs used with Passive Meanings
  16. Sentences with objective complements
  17. Sentences with clause objects
  18. Verbs with object and infinitive
  19. Verbs which cannot be used in the passive


The Verb in Active and Passive Voices



The Verb in Active and Passive Voices To HOME PAGE

The Grammar Index