The Verb :
A Verb is a word used for saying something about some person or thing. VERB talks
about the action of the noun.
John goes to College.
In this sentence, JOHN is the noun. And the word GOES is the verb. GOES indicates
what John does.
In the following sentences, the verbs are given in bold.
1. He wrote
2. My father studied
in this college.
3. I dropped
my daughter at her school.
4. We bought
this scooter last year.
5. My computer is working
6. They come
7. She has applied
for a job.
Kinds of Verbs
Verbs are subdivided into four main classes.
1. Transitive Verbs
2. Intransitive Verbs
3. Auxiliary Verbs
4. Defective Verbs
Verbs which are not used in all the moods and tenses are called Defective. They may be Transitive, Intransitive or Auxiliary.
A Verb is Transitive if the action does not stop with the agent, but passes from the agent to something else. Transitive means passing over.
The man killed a snake.
THE MAN KILLED does not make complete sense until some object such as SNAKE has been expressed. The Verb killed is therefore transitive, because the action expressed by it does not stop with the doer, but passes from the doer to a person or thing such as SNAKE. The doer of the action of the verb is called Subject of The Verb.
The word or words denoting that person or thing to which the action of the Verb is directed are called the Object to the Verb.
Eat, kill, shake, write, dig, speak, buy, sell and order are few of the transitive verbs.
A Verb is Intransitive when the action stops with the agent and does not pass from the agent to anything else.
Each in his narrow cell for ever laid.
The rude forefathers of the hamlet sleep.
No word or words can be placed as object after such a Verb as sleep. The Verb SLEEP is therefore Intransitive.
Laugh, wake, sit, go, walk and cry are few of the Intransitive Verbs.
An Auxiliary Verb is one which….
(a) helps to form a tense or mood of some Principal Verb.
(b) forgoes its own signification as a Principal Verb for that purpose.
I have come from home today.
Here the verb HAVE forgoes its own signification possession in order to help the Principal or non-Auxiliary Verb COME to form a Present Perfect Tense. So, HAVE is called an auxiliary verb.
Is, was, have, had, will, would, shall, and should are few of the auxiliary verbs.
RELATED PAGES :
- The Verb
- Kinds of Verbs
- Object to The Verb
- Subject of The Verb
- Transitive Verbs
- Forms of The Object and Transitive Verb
- Position of The Object and Transitive Verb
- Noun as The Object of The Transitive Verb
- Pronoun as The Object of The Transitive Verb
- Infinitive as The Object of The Transitive Verb
- Gerund as The Object of The Transitive Verb
- Phrase as The Object of The Transitive Verb
- Clause as The Object of The Transitive Verb
- Relative Pronoun and Transitive Verb
- Interrogative Pronoun and Transitive Verb
- Double Objects and Transitive Verbs
- Direct Objects and Transitive Verbs
- Indirect Objects and Transitive Verbs
- Transitive Verbs of Incomplete Predication
- Forms of Complement
- Omission of The Relative as Object
- Transitive Verbs used Intransitively
- Intransitive Verbs
- Intransitive Verbs of Incomplete Predication
- Intransitive Verbs of Complete Predication
- Subjective Complement
- Objective Complement
- Cognate or Kindred
- Cognate Noun
- Cognate Object
- Intransitive Verbs in A Causal Sense
- Prepositional Verbs
- Object to Active Verb
- Subject to Passive Verb
- Agent of The Verb
- Retained Object of The Verb in Active Voice
- The Direct Object of the Active Verb
- The Indirect Object of the Active Verb
- The Infinitive Mood of Verbs
- Sixteen Forms of A Verb
- Sixteen Forms of A Verb in Active Voice
- Sixteen Forms of A Verb in Passive Voice
- Do and Did
- The Auxiliary Verbs
- Subject-Verb Agreement - 1
- Subject-Verb Agreement - 2
- The English Verb
- Basic Form of The Verb
- Principal Parts of A Verb
- Non-finite Form of The Verb
- The Intensive Forms of English Verbs
- Verbal Idioms
- Confusing Verbs
- Agreement of The Verb with The Subject
- Sentences with Agreement of The Verb with The Subject
- Two Auxiliaries with One Principal Verb
- One Auxiliary with Two Principal Verbs
- Words Used as Verbs
- Intransitive Verb of Complete Predication
- Intransitive Verb of Incomplete Predication
- Defective Verbs
- Strong Verbs
- Tests of A Strong Verb
- Wholly Strong Strong Verbs
- Partly Strong Strong Verbs
- List of Strong Verbs
- Weak Verbs
- Tests of A Weak Verb
- List of Weak Verbs
- Mixed Verbs
- Strong Verbs Becoming Partly Weak Verbs
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