The Verb

The Verb :

A Verb is a word used for saying something about some person or thing. VERB talks about the action of the noun.

John goes to College.

In this sentence, JOHN is the noun. And the word GOES is the verb. GOES indicates what John does.

In the following sentences, the verbs are given in bold.

1. He wrote a letter.
2. My father studied in this college.
3. I dropped my daughter at her school.
4. We bought this scooter last year.
5. My computer is working properly.
6. They come today evening.
7. She has applied for a job.

Kinds of Verbs

Verbs are subdivided into four main classes. 1. Transitive Verbs
2. Intransitive Verbs
3. Auxiliary Verbs
4. Defective Verbs

Verbs which are not used in all the moods and tenses are called Defective. They may be Transitive, Intransitive or Auxiliary.

A Verb is Transitive if the action does not stop with the agent, but passes from the agent to something else. Transitive means passing over. The man killed a snake.

THE MAN KILLED does not make complete sense until some object such as SNAKE has been expressed. The Verb killed is therefore transitive, because the action expressed by it does not stop with the doer, but passes from the doer to a person or thing such as SNAKE. The doer of the action of the verb is called Subject of The Verb.

The word or words denoting that person or thing to which the action of the Verb is directed are called the Object to the Verb.

Eat, kill, shake, write, dig, speak, buy, sell and order are few of the transitive verbs.

A Verb is Intransitive when the action stops with the agent and does not pass from the agent to anything else.

Each in his narrow cell for ever laid.
The rude forefathers of the hamlet sleep. (Gray's Elegy)

No word or words can be placed as object after such a Verb as sleep. The Verb SLEEP is therefore Intransitive.

Laugh, wake, sit, go, walk and cry are few of the Intransitive Verbs.

An Auxiliary Verb is one which….

(a) helps to form a tense or mood of some Principal Verb.
(b) forgoes its own signification as a Principal Verb for that purpose.

I have come from home today.

Here the verb HAVE forgoes its own signification possession in order to help the Principal or non-Auxiliary Verb COME to form a Present Perfect Tense. So, HAVE is called an auxiliary verb.

Is, was, have, had, will, would, shall, and should are few of the auxiliary verbs.


  1. The Verb
  2. Kinds of Verbs
  3. Object to The Verb
  4. Subject of The Verb
  5. Transitive Verbs
  6. Forms of The Object and Transitive Verb
  7. Position of The Object and Transitive Verb
  8. Noun as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  9. Pronoun as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  10. Infinitive as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  11. Gerund as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  12. Phrase as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  13. Clause as The Object of The Transitive Verb
  14. Relative Pronoun and Transitive Verb
  15. Interrogative Pronoun and Transitive Verb
  16. Double Objects and Transitive Verbs
  17. Direct Objects and Transitive Verbs
  18. Indirect Objects and Transitive Verbs
  19. Transitive Verbs of Incomplete Predication
  20. Complement
  21. Forms of Complement
  22. Omission of The Relative as Object
  23. Transitive Verbs used Intransitively
  24. Intransitive Verbs
  25. Intransitive Verbs of Incomplete Predication
  26. Intransitive Verbs of Complete Predication
  27. Subjective Complement
  28. Objective Complement
  29. Cognate or Kindred
  30. Cognate Noun
  31. Cognate Object
  32. Intransitive Verbs in A Causal Sense
  33. Prepositional Verbs
  34. Object to Active Verb
  35. Subject to Passive Verb
  36. Agent of The Verb
  37. Retained Object of The Verb in Active Voice
  38. The Direct Object of the Active Verb
  39. The Indirect Object of the Active Verb
  40. The Infinitive Mood of Verbs
  41. Sixteen Forms of A Verb
  42. Sixteen Forms of A Verb in Active Voice
  43. Sixteen Forms of A Verb in Passive Voice
  44. Do and Did
  45. The Auxiliary Verbs
  46. Subject-Verb Agreement - 1
  47. Subject-Verb Agreement - 2
  48. The English Verb
  49. Basic Form of The Verb
  50. Principal Parts of A Verb
  51. Non-finite Form of The Verb
  52. The Intensive Forms of English Verbs
  53. Verbal Idioms
  54. Confusing Verbs
  55. Agreement of The Verb with The Subject
  56. Sentences with Agreement of The Verb with The Subject
  57. Two Auxiliaries with One Principal Verb
  58. One Auxiliary with Two Principal Verbs
  59. Words Used as Verbs
  60. Intransitive Verb of Complete Predication
  61. Intransitive Verb of Incomplete Predication
  62. Defective Verbs
  63. Strong Verbs
  64. Tests of A Strong Verb
  65. Wholly Strong Strong Verbs
  66. Partly Strong Strong Verbs
  67. List of Strong Verbs
  68. Weak Verbs
  69. Tests of A Weak Verb
  70. List of Weak Verbs
  71. Mixed Verbs
  72. Strong Verbs Becoming Partly Weak Verbs

The Verb :


The Sentences Index

Share this page:
Enjoy this page? Please pay it forward. Here's how...

Would you prefer to share this page with others by linking to it?

  1. Click on the HTML link code below.
  2. Copy and paste it, adding a note of your own, into your blog, a Web page, forums, a blog comment, your Facebook account, or anywhere that someone would find this page valuable.