When to use Passive Voice? :
When to use Passive Voice?
The worker waves the flag.
Subject : The worker
Predicate : waves
Active Voice : waves
Object : the flag
The flag is waved by the worker.
Subject : The flag
Predicate : is waved
Passive Voice : is waved
Phrase : by the worker
The mason is building the wall.
Subject : The mason
Predicate : is building
Active Voice : is building
Object : the wall
The wall is being built by the mason.
Subject : The wall
Predicate : is being built
Passive Voice :
Phrase : by the mason
He will finish the work in a week.
Subject : He
Predicate : will finish
Active Voice : the work
Object : will finish
Phrase : in a week
The work will be finished by him in a week.
Subject : The work
Predicate : will be finished
Passive Voice : will be finished
Phrase : by him in a week
Hurry will gain nothing.
Subject : Hurry
Predicate : will gain
Active Voice : will gain
Object : nothing
Nothing will be gained by Hurry.
Subject : Nothing
Predicate : will be gained
Passive Voice : will be gained
Phrase : by Hurry
The boy was making a kite.
Subject : The boy
Predicate : was making
Active Voice : was making
Object : a kite
A kite was being made by the boy.
Subject : A kite
Predicate : was being made
Passive Voice : was being made
Phrase : by the boy
Students of English should use the Active voice and Passive voice effectively. It requires practice when to use and how to use.
In using Active voice, the agent (ie) doer of the action gets importance.
In using Passive voice, the person or thing acted upon gets importance.
I know the minister.
In this sentence, “I” gets importance.
The minister is known to me.
In this sentence, 'the minister' gets importance.
Study the examples below.
(1) Someone washes the floor every day
The floor is washed every day.
(2) Someone is cleaning the window at this very moment.
The window is being cleaned at this very moment.
(3) Someone took the little table into the garden yesterday.
The little table was taken into garden yesterday.
(4) Someone was cooking the dinner when we arrived.
The dinner was being cooked when we arrived.
(5) Someone has broken three of the glass plates.
Three of the glass plates have been broken.
(6) Someone had already moved them when I went to do it.
They had been already moved when I went to do it.
(7) Somebody will open the shop at two O'clock.
The shop will be opened at two O'clock.
Note : In all the sentences above, in the passive voice form.
the object - preposition - phrase is dropped.
Someone washes the floor everyday.
The floor is washed (by someone) everyday.
(8) People will still be ploughing the field at four O'clock.
The field will still be being ploughed at four O'clock.
(9) Someone would see you if you opened the door.
You would be seen if the door was opened.
(10) No one would have thrown it away if it had been any use.
It would not have been thrown away if it had been any use.
(11) Somebody might have injured you if there had been a fight.
You might have been injured if there had been a fight.
(12) Someone ought to have turned off the lights.
The lights ought to have been turned off.
(13) Can anybody move the big cupboard?
Can the big cupboard be moved?
(14) May people use your tennis-court today?
May your tennis-court be used today?
(15) No one could turn over the heavy mattress.
The heavy mattress could not be turned over.
(16) Someone must stick the labels on.
The labels must be stuck on.
(17) They are not going to play the match today.
The match is not going to be played today.
to play - (active)
to be played - (passive)
(18) They used to manufacture furniture in our town.
Furniture used to be manufactured in our town.
(19) Someone is sure to find the lost kitten.
The lost kitten is sure to be found.
(20) Somebody had better tell Mr. Klurane about it too.
Mr. Klurane had better be told about it too.
(21) I want someone to mend the broken window.
I want the broken window (to be) mended.
(22) No one saw the boy stealing the apples.
The boy was not seen stealing the apples.
(23) I would just as soon they left it where it is.
I would just as soon it was left where it is.
When to use Passive Voice?
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